Tracking Halo Orbits and Their Mass Evolution around Large-scale Filaments

Tracking Halo Orbits and Their Mass Evolution around Large-scale Filaments

Hannah Jhee, Hyunmi Song, Rory Smith, Jihye Shin, Inkyu Park, and Clotilde Laigle

The Astrophysical Journal, 940:2 (11pp), 2022 November 20


We have explored the dynamical and mass evolution of halos driven by large-scale filaments using a dark-matteronly cosmological simulation with the help of a phase-space analysis. Since a nonnegligible number of galaxies are expected to fall into the cluster environment through large-scale filaments, tracking how halos move around largescale filaments can provide a more comprehensive view on the evolution of cluster galaxies. Halos exhibit orbital motions around filaments, which emerge as specific trajectories in a phase space composed of halos’ perpendicular distance and velocity component with respect to filaments. These phase-space trajectories can be represented by three cases according to their current states. We parameterize the trajectories with halos’ initial position and velocity, maximum velocity, formation time, and time since first crossing, which are found to be correlated with each other. These correlations are explained well in the context of the large-scale structure formation. The mass evolution and dynamical properties of halos seem to be affected by the density of filaments, which can be shown from the fact that halos around denser filaments are more likely to lose their mass and be bound within large-scale filaments. Finally, we reproduce the mass segregation trend around filaments found in observations. The mass segregation has been developed because halos that formed earlier approached filaments earlier, grew efficiently, and ended up being more massive. We also found that dynamical friction helps to retain this segregation trend.

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